Public Toilets

  • Lack of sanitation is one of the key reasons of water borne diseases like Polio, Typhoid, Cholera, diarrhea, etc. Many other infections can be transmitted from a diseased person to a healthy one by various direct or indirect routes from human excreta. A large number of infant deaths in India are from diarrhea diseases.
  • Safe disposal of human excreta is basic duty of any municipality. However, floating population in urban areas, as well growing pressure on city’s population, make the task difficult if not impossible.
  • In the year 2500 BC, Harappan civilization every house had water borne toilets which was linked with drains covered with burnt clay bricks. It was the finest form of sanitary engineering. However, with the decline of Indus valley civilization, the science of sanitary engineering disappeared from India. Mahatma Gandhi too campaigned to make people aware of sanitation. In spite of this, it is fact that the public toilets in India have very few, badly maintained, and open defecation has become a norm.
  • Most of pilgrim places in India, where thousands throng, become breeding grounds of diseases, once pilgrims depart.
  • Presently an estimated three billions people in Asia, Africa, are without adequate basic sanitation facilities.
  • Studies reveal that 700 million in India have to either defecate in the open or use dry, unhygienic toilets, exposing the entire community to health hazards and foul environment.
  • India’s urban poor unfortunately lack access to toilet where they can take bath, while there are plenty of people washing their cars, and profusely watering the gardens with good drinking water!
  • Few municipalities in India treat sewage water. As per CSE, 89% of sewage in India is released without any treatment Untreated sewage water pollutes rivers, seawater, generating unwanted growth of water hyacinth, and algae.
  •  Such untreated sewage water releases methane, a greenhouse gas, responsible for global warming.
  • SLK Foundation has a design for ecological and economical toilet that saves water and saves water pollution from sewage The ecological sanitation separates urine, wastewater and feces obviating need for sewage treatment and avoiding investment in STP or septic tank .
  • We need companies/individuals to sponsor the ecological toilet. We have a demo working  model in our Kharghar office

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