Prevention and Management of Diabetes
Diabetes is the most debilitating lifestyle disease. Persistent high blood sugar content in blood due diabetes, can lead to many other types of consequential health complications such as kidney failure, obesity, cardiovascular diseases, chronic illnesses of the eye, leg amputation, early aging, blocking of arteries, and heart disease.
Diabetes Mellitus-A Fast spreading lifestyle disease in modern times Adult onset or Type II diabetes has now assumed epidemic proportions. Rapidly changing life style (changes in diet, sedentary life, irregular meals, lack of rest) and stress are the causes for diabetes. Once diagnosed, most diabetics are prescribed to take lifelong regular medications, like insulin hormone supplementation medicines or injections and drugs for controlling the sugar levels. Taking insulin medicine is critical for managing diabetes once it becomes an incurable condition. However diabetes patients and their family need to understand about advent of this disease and learn to manage or prevent it .
Symptoms of diabetes
Frequent urination, Tiredness, Hunger pangs, Thirst, wounds not healing in time, etc.
Essentials of diagnosis of Type 2 Diabetes:
- Most diabetes patients are over 40 years of age and obese.
- Many patients have few or no symptoms.
- Plasma glucose of 126 mg/dL or higher after an overnight fast on more than one occasion. After 75 g oral glucose, diagnostic values are 200 mg/dL or more after 2 hours.
- Hypertension, dyslipidemia, (abnormal amount of fats in the blood) and atherosclerosis(a condition in which the arteries become hardened and narrowed because of an excessive accumulation of plaque) are often associated with diabetes.
Pre-diabetes( or Impaired Glucose Tolerance (IGT),Impaired Fasting Glucose(IFG))
First of all, understand that diabetes does not strike suddenly.Most patients are in Pre-diabetes stage for a long time before the disease advances. Making life style changes during pre-diabetic as well as post-diabetic stage, is crucial in managing diabetes. In addition to taking medicines, better awareness of diet, keeping routine of daily exercises, Yoga and deep relaxation techniques for calming down the mind are equally important factors. Such a holistic treatment approach has salutary side effects on quality of life not only the diabetes patients but their entire family .
People with pre-diabetes often don’t have symptoms. Symptoms, if any, develop so gradually that people often do not recognize them. An elevated blood glucose level is the only symptom of pre-diabetes in initial stage.
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